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阅读理解/蓝悉叮当/Sunny温暖的家!  

2010-07-30 23:33:10|  分类: English |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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阅读理解

A

There is a revolution under way in the music world that could eventually change the way you buy, carry and listen to your favorite songs. MP3, a digital music technology, is sweeping the Internet. Web surfers can download thousands of songs, many for free. MP3 software squeezes songs that are normally too big to move around the Internet into files that are just one-tenth their original size. Using MP3 is legal if the song's copyright holder has granted permission to download and play the song. ``You can broadcast it, you can download it, you can buy it, you can E-mail it,” said Michael Robertson, chief executive officer of MIP3.com. “It still sounds great. In fact it sounds basically indistinguishable from a CD.”

For bands without record labels, Mp3 is also an invaluable promotion(促进)tool that allows them to bypass(绕过)doors often closed by record companies. “It totally has promoted us in a way that we couldn’t have had before. People we don’t know heard about us.” said Jason Appleton, lead vocalist of a New York rock band called the Fire Ants. "We started out in December, and we found that in one month we had…over a thousand hits on our site at MP3. I think there were over 200 downloads of our songs,” said bandmate Mark Hermann.

Although the Fire Ants enjoy the promotional benefits of MP3 free of charge, illegal(非法的)music trading also flourishes on the Web. Some sites offer songs without copyright permission, posing a major threat to record labels and performers. The recording industry is racing to develop its own technologies to sell music that cannot be easily traded on the Web. “We want and the artist wants for that music to be widely available to you. But there needs to be some measure of control over what you then do with that music.” said Kevin Conroy of BMG Entertainment.

 

1.       According to the report, download songs with MP3 are _______.

A.      more expensive than CDs               B. all free

C. squeezed                             D. better than CDs

2. Which is not right about using MP3?

A. downloading without copyright limitation   B. easy-carrying

C. sound as great as a CD                  D. promotion for unknown bands

3. What big problem the recording industry is facing?

A. lagging behind in technology          B. losing customers

C. illegal music selling on the Web        D. lack of control over music trading in the market

 

B

Steve Kroft: There are parents all over the country that are telling their kids, "Shut off the video game. You're wasting your time." How about your parents?

Johnathan Wendel: I got that, too.

Steve Kroft: What was your mother's reaction when you told her that you wanted to become a professional(专业的) video game player?

Johnathan Wendel: Oh that probably didn’t go so well.

Steve Kroft: What did you do then?

Johnathan Wendel: My parents were divorced, so having failed to persuade my mother I moved in with my dad and went to work on him, offering him a deal: "Dad, just let me go to this one tournament. If I don’t win any money, like any significant money, I’m going to quit. I'll just quit, I'll go full time school, no problem.” Then I went to the tournament and won $4,000. I came home and slapped that check on the table. And I go, "Dad, I won $4,000 playing a video game. What's this world coming to? It was so crazy."

(Wendel has been a pro for six years. If he hadn't discovered professional gaming he would probably be doing tech support for some computer company in Kansas City. He was only 18 at the time and still living at home. At age 24, he has won 41 tournaments, playing the same shoot'em-up video games that you can buy in most stores and living a life most young men his age can only dream of. He has traveled, all-expenses paid, to every continent except Antarctica.)

Steve Kroft: When we first interviewed you last summer, you had won world championships(冠军) in four different video games, and were training to add a championship win in a fifth game. You said you had won over $300,000 in tournament prize money. Has anybody ever done that?

Johnathan Wendel: No, not even close.

Steve Kroft: Are you the best in the world?

Johnathan Wendel: If you say so. I'm trying to be modest here but, yes. I'm pretty good.

Steve Kroft: There are both individual and team competitions in the field of cyber games. Does it have the look and feel of a sporting event?

Johnathan Wendel: That's exactly what it is.  It’s all about hand-eye coordination, reflexes, timing, strategy, being quick on your feet, being able to think fast. You got to be doing everything.

……

 

1. When Johnathan Wendel wanted to be a professional video game player, what is his parents’ attitude?

A. His mother supported him.      B. His father supported him.

C. They said nothing about it.      D. They thought that playing video games was wasting time.

2. Which sentence is right according to the article?

A. After leaving his mother, Johnathan Wendel worked for his father.

B. Johnathan Wendel went away after winning $ 4,000 in a video game.

C. Johnathan Wendel has traveled to all continents.

D. Others paid for Johnathan Wendel’s travel expenses.

3. What is the meaning of the underlined word “tournament”?

A. play    B. competition   C. tour    D. travel

4. Which situation about the field of cyber games is not right?

A. There are individual and team competitions in it.

B. It has the look and feel of a sporting event.

C. Playing cyber games cannot be a way of living.

D. To play cyber games well, you must think fast.

5. The best title of the article is _______.

A. Parents’ attitude to playing video games

B. Playing cyber games can win money

C. A cyber gaming genius

D. Playing cyber games requires good health

 

C

The global village

More and more often, the term global village is used to describe the world and its people. In a typical village, however, everyone knows everyone else and the people face the same kinds of problems. How can the world be a village, when it is home to almost 6 billion people? Political and technological changes in the past century have made the global village possible.

Political changes

The years following World War Ⅱ seemed to promise peace and more equality among people. For example, the United Nations was founded in 1945 to help countries to resolve disputes peacefully. This promise was soon shattered(使粉碎), however, by the Cold War tension between the United States and the Soviet Union. These two superpowers engaged in an arms race, spending huge sums of money on weapons. Most nations of the world aligned themselves with either one of these two countries, and the world appeared to be in a state of hostility(敌意), seeming on the brink of war.

Technological changes

Technologically, the greatest contributor to the global village is the microchip- an electronic circuit on a tiny chip. The microchip has made satellites and computers possible. These forms of high-tech communications allow news and ideas to travel quickly from country to country, making people aware of their neighbors around the global in new ways. Through the Internet, we can get information from computers anywhere and carry on electronic conversations with people everywhere.

What will happen as we move into the twenty- first century? Almost certainly the development of the global village will continue. Not only this is possible, but the challenges that the world faces- for example, pollution, population growth, and conflicts among peoples- will make it necessary.

 

1. What’s made the global village possible?

A. political changes   B. the microchip   C. technological changes   D. all above

2. According to the article, which situation is not right?

A. The United Nations was founded to help to keep the world peaceful.

B. Lots of money was spent on weapons by the Soviet Union and the United States in the Cold War.

C. The global village is a real village in the world.

D. The global village will go on developing.

 

D

One great benefit of the Web is that it allows us to move information online that now is in paper form. Electronic commerce(商业) is increasing month-by-month now. It is difficult to measure, because a lot of electronic commerce involves existing buyers and sellers who are simply moving paperbased trade to the Web. That is not new business. Microsoft, for example, purchases millions of dollars of PCs online instead of by paper. However, that is not a fundamental(根本的)change; it has just improved the efficiency of an existing process. The biggest impact has happened where electronic commerce matches buyers and sellers who would not previously have found each other. When you go to a book site and find a nameless book that you never would have found in a physical bookstore, that is a new type of commerce. 

    Today, about half of all PCs are still not connected to the Web. Getting communications costs down and making all the software simpler will bring in those people. And that, in turn, will move us closer to the critical mass that will make the Web lifestyle everyone's lifestyle.

Interaction(交往)with the Web will also improve, making it much easier for people to be involved. Today the keywords we use to search the web often return to too many articles to sort through, many of them out of context. If you want to learn about the fastest computer chip available, you might end up getting responses instead about potato chips being delivered in fast trucks. In the future, we shall be either speaking or typing sentences into the computer. If you ask about the speed of chips, the result will be about computers, not potatoes. Speech recognition also means that you will be able to call in on a phone and ask if you have any new messages, or check on a flight, or check on the weather.

To predict that it will take over ten years for these changes to happen is probably pessimistic. We usually overestimate(高估)what we can do in two years and underestimate what we can do in ten. The Web will be as much a way of life as the car by 2010. Probably before.

 

1. Electronic commerce becomes a new type of commerce when________.

A. paperbased transactions are moved onto the Web

B. the efficiency of the existing process is improved by Internet

C. a Website offers more common goods than a physical store

D. new buyers and sellers find each other on the Internet

2. The use of computer will be as common as the use of cars when_______.

A. computer and communication become simpler and cheaper

B. electronic commerce causes a fundamental change

C. the difference between the computer and the car disappears

D. people all change their lifestyle

3. Now what is the problem with the Web according to the passage?

A. ineffective interaction          B. too much information

C. incorrect response             D. the slow speed

4. The example of potato chips is used to show_________.

A. the advantage of computers now

B. the same characters between a computer chip and a potato chip

C. the speed of computer chips as compared to potato chips

D. the wrong responses the computer sometimes offers

5. In this passage the writer is going to show that________.

A. everyone will be using computer and the Web by 2010

B. computers will be able to recognize speech in 10 years' time

C. changes caused by the Web will arrive sooner than we think

D. interaction with the Web will become easier to manage

 

E

   There is no question that some “greenwashing” is going on in the corporate (公司的) world. Bayernwerk, a Bavarian utility (公用事业,如自来水、电等), began selling "Aqua Power" last year when Germany began to let customers choose their electricity supplier. Bayernwerk markets Aqua Power as 100 percent green, renewable, hydroelectric energy. But any customer who gets power from the same mix of sources as before: hydro, gas, coal and nuclear. Nothing changes except some company, and there is not any more benefit to the environment. There is a benefit, though, to Bayernwerk, which charges more for Aqua Power and brings more money and orders for it.

    Greenwashing takes many forms. "Companies often advertise themselves as environmentally friendly even though they might have some pretty bad environmental records,” says Jill Johnson of the group Earth Day 2000.

Overall, the greening of corporate America is real and has not been as hard to achieve as some environmental activists imagined. That is especially true for greenhouse gases and climate change, the focus of Earth Day 2000. “Now there is more recognition by companies that there may be an economic advantage to reduce emissions (排放物) of greenhouse gases,” says Paul Portney, president of the Think Tank Resources for the Future. More and more companies are changing the way they heat and light their buildings and design their factories to reduce greenhouse gas emissions as well as their energy bills. The reductions are often more than those called for in the 1997 international agreement on greenhouse warming called Kyoto Treaty.

 

1. The “Aqua Power”, sold by Bayernwerk, is______.

A. green energy                    B. less expensive

C. ordinary electricity               D. not popular

2. By “greenwashing”, the writer of the passage probably means______.

A. reducing and recycling waste

B. advertising green products

C. planting tree seedlings

D. appearing environmentally friendly

3. The reductions on greenhouse gas emissions, called for in the Kyoto Treaty, was_____.

A. too dangerous for the U.S. economy

B. unrealistic for the year 2000

C. good for oil, coal and chemical companies

D. not too difficult to achieve in the U. S.

4. Many companies tried to advertise their environmentally friendly image because they_____.

A. realize its economic advantage

B. would like to be environmentally friendly

C. would defend themselves against charges

D. know the importance of continued growth

5. The writer wrote this passage probably to show that _______.

A. most companies have a good environmental track record

B. actions are truly taken by many companies to protect the environment

C. the real motive of companies’ actions is self-centered

D. serious damages usually occur beneath the surface

 

Answers:

CAC  DDBCC  DC  DACDC  CDDAB

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