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Working Man of All Countries:Unite  

2011-04-08 09:03:42|  分类: English |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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Working Man of All Countries:Unite

A spectre is haunting Europe -- the spectre of communism.All the Powers of Europe have entered into a holy alliance to exorcise this spectre:Pope and Czar,Metternich and Guizot,French Radicals and German police-spies.

   Where is the party in opposition the has not been decried as Communistic by its opponents in power?Where the Opposition that has not hurled back the branding reproach of Communism,against the more advanced opposition parties,as well as against its reactionary adversaries?

    Two things result from this fact.

    1.Communism is already acknowledged by all European Powers to be itself a Power.

    2.It is high time that Communists should openly, in the face of the whole world, publish their views,their aims, their tendencies, and meet this nursery tale of the Spectre of Communism with a Manifesto of the party itself.

    The history of all hitherto exsisting societies is the history of class struggles.

    The Communists are distinguished from the other working-class party is only:

    1. In the national struggles of the proletarians of the different countries,they point out and bring to the front the common interests of entire proletariat,independently of nationality.

    2. In the various stages of development which the struggle of the working class against the bourgeoisie has to pass through,they always and everywhere represent the interests of the movement as a whole.

    The Communists,therefore,are on the one hand,practically,the most advanced and resolute section of the working-class parties of every country,that section which pushes forward all others;on the other hand,theoretically,they have over the great mass of the proletariat the advantage of clear understanding the lin of march,the conditions,and the ultimate general results of the proletarian movement.

    The immediate aim of Communist is the same as that of all the other proletarian parties:formation of the proletariat into a class,overthrow of the bourgeois supremacy,conquest of political power by the proletariat.

    The distinguishing feature of Communism is not the abolition of property generally,but the abolition of bourgeois property.

    But modern bourgeois private property is the final and most complete expression of the system of producing and appropriating products,that is based on class antagonisms,on the exploitation of the many by the few.

    In this sense,the theory of the Communists may be summed up in the single sentence:Abolition of private property.

    Communism deprives no man of the power to appropriate the products of society;all that it does is to deprive him of the power to subjugate the labour of others by means of such appropriation.

    National differences and antagonisms between peoples are daily more and more vanishing,owing to the development of the bourgeoise,to freedom of commerce,to the world-market,to uniformity in the mode of production and in the conditions of life corresponding thereto.

    The supremacy of the proletariat will cause them to vanish still faster,United action,of the leading civilised countries at least,is one of the first conditions for the emancipation of the proletariat.

    In propotion as the exploitation of one individual by another is put to an end ,the exploitation of one nation by another will also be put and end to .In propotion as the antagonism between classes within the nation vanishes,the hostility of one nation to another will come to an end.

   The communist revolution is the most radical rupture with traditional property relations;no wonder that its development involves the most radical rupture with traditional ideals.

   The communists everywhere support every revolutionary movement against the existing social and political order of things.

   Finally,they labour everywhere for the union and agreement of the democratic parties of all courtries.The Communists disdain to conceal their views and aims.They openly declare the their ends can be attained only by the forcible overthrow of all existing social conditions.Let the ruling classes tremble at a Communistic revolution.The proletarians have nothing to lose but their chains.They have a world to win.

   Working Men of All Countries,Unite!

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