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Confucius quotes  

2011-05-22 17:18:57|  分类: English |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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Confucius quotes

The Master said "Is it not pleasant to learn with a constant perseverance and
application?
"Is it not delightful to have friends coming from distant quarters?
"Is he not a man of complete virtue, who feels no discomposure though men
may take no note of him?"
The philosopher Yu said, "They are few who, being filial and fraternal, are
fond of offending against their superiors. There have been none, who, not liking
to offend against their superiors, have been fond of stirring up confusion.
"The superior man bends his attention to what is radical. That being
established, all practical courses naturally grow up. Filial piety and fraternal
submission,-are they not the root of all benevolent actions?"
The Master said, "Fine words and an insinuating appearance are seldom
associated with true virtue."
The philosopher Tsang said, "I daily examine myself on three points:-whether,
in transacting business for others, I may have been not faithful;-whether, in
intercourse with friends, I may have been not sincere;-whether I may have not
mastered and practiced the instructions of my teacher."
The Master said, "To rule a country of a thousand chariots, there must be
reverent attention to business, and sincerity; economy in expenditure, and love
for men; and the employment of the people at the proper seasons."
The Master said, "A youth, when at home, should be filial, and, abroad,
respectful to his elders. He should be earnest and truthful. He should overflow
in love to all, and cultivate the friendship of the good. When he has time and
opportunity, after the performance of these things, he should employ them in
polite studies."
Tsze-hsia said, "If a man withdraws his mind from the love of beauty, and
applies it as sincerely to the love of the virtuous; if, in serving his parents,
he can exert his utmost strength; if, in serving his prince, he can devote his
life; if, in his intercourse with his friends, his words are sincere:-although
men say that he has not learned, I will certainly say that he has.
The Master said, "If the scholar be not grave, he will not call forth any
veneration, and his learning will not be solid.
"Hold faithfulness and sincerity as first principles.
"Have no friends not equal to yourself.
"When you have faults, do not fear to abandon them."
The philosopher Tsang said, "Let there be a careful attention to perform the
funeral rites to parents, and let them be followed when long gone with the
ceremonies of sacrifice;-then the virtue of the people will resume its proper
excellence."
Tsze-ch'in asked Tsze-kung saying, "When our master comes to any country, he
does not fail to learn all about its government. Does he ask his information? or
is it given to him?"
Tsze-kung said, "Our master is benign, upright, courteous, temperate, and
complaisant and thus he gets his information. The master's mode of asking
information,-is it not different from that of other men?"
The Master said, "While a man's father is alive, look at the bent of his
will; when his father is dead, look at his conduct. If for three years he does
not alter from the way of his father, he may be called filial."
The philosopher Yu said, "In practicing the rules of propriety, a natural
ease is to be prized. In the ways prescribed by the ancient kings, this is the
excellent quality, and in things small and great we follow them.
"Yet it is not to be observed in all cases. If one, knowing how such ease
should be prized, manifests it, without regulating it by the rules of propriety,
this likewise is not to be done."
The philosopher Yu said, "When agreements are made according to what is
right, what is spoken can be made good. When respect is shown according to what
is proper, one keeps far from shame and disgrace. When the parties upon whom a
man leans are proper persons to be intimate with, he can make them his guides
and masters."
The Master said, "He who aims to be a man of complete virtue in his food
does not seek to gratify his appetite, nor in his dwelling place does he seek
the appliances of ease; he is earnest in what he is doing, and careful in his
speech; he frequents the company of men of principle that he may be rectified:-
such a person may be said indeed to love to learn."
Tsze-kung said, "What do you pronounce concerning the poor man who yet does
not flatter, and the rich man who is not proud?" The Master replied, "They will
do; but they are not equal to him, who, though poor, is yet cheerful, and to him,
who, though rich, loves the rules of propriety."
Tsze-kung replied, "It is said in the Book of Poetry, 'As you cut and then
file, as you carve and then polish.'-The meaning is the same, I apprehend, as
that which you have just expressed."
The Master said, "With one like Ts'ze, I can begin to talk about the odes. I
told him one point, and he knew its proper sequence."
The Master said, "I will not be afflicted at men's not knowing me; I will be
afflicted that I do not know men."

『⒈1』子曰:“学而时习之,不亦说乎?有朋自远方来,不亦乐乎?人不知而不
愠,不亦君子乎?”
『⒈2』有子曰:“其为人也孝弟,而好犯上者,鲜矣;不好犯上,而好作乱者,
未之有也。君子务本,本立而道生。孝弟也者,其为仁之本与!”
『⒈3』子曰:“巧言令色,鲜矣仁!”
『⒈4』曾子曰:“吾日三省吾身——为人谋而不忠乎?于朋友交而不信乎?传不
习乎?”
『⒈5』子曰:“道千乘之国,敬事而信,节用而爱人,使民以时。”
『⒈6』子曰:“弟子,入则孝,出则弟,谨而信,凡爱众,而亲仁。行有余力,
则以学文。”
『⒈7』子夏曰:“贤贤易色;事父母,能竭其力;事君,能致其身;于朋友交,
言而有信。虽曰未学,吾必谓之学矣。”
『⒈8』子曰:“君子不重,则不威;学则不固。主忠信。无友不如己者。过,则
勿惮改。”
『⒈9』曾子曰:“慎终,追远,民德归厚矣。”
『⒈10』子禽问於子贡曰:“夫子至於是邦也,必闻其政,求之与?抑与之与?
子贡曰:“夫子温、良、恭、俭、让以得之。夫子之求之也,其诸异乎人之求之与
?”
『⒈11』子曰:“父在,观其志;父没,观其行;三年无改於父之道,可谓孝矣
。”
『⒈12』有子曰:“礼之用,和为贵。先王之道,斯为美;小大由之。有所不行
,知和而和,不以礼节之,亦不可行也。”
『⒈13』有子曰:“信近於义,言可复也。恭近於礼,远耻辱也。因不失其亲,
亦可宗也。”
『⒈14』子曰:“君子食无求饱,居无求安,敏於事而慎於言,就有道而正焉,
可谓好学也已。”
『⒈15』子贡曰:“贫而无谄,富而无骄,何如?”子曰:“可也;未若贫而乐
,富而好礼者也。”
子贡曰:“诗云:‘如切如磋,如琢如磨’,其斯之谓与?”子曰:“赐也,
始可与言诗已矣,告诸往而知来者。”
『⒈16』子曰:“不患人之不己之,患不知人也。”

性相近也,习相远也。By nature, men are nearly alike; by practice, they get to be wide apart.
过而不改,是谓过矣。
Not to mend the fault one has made is to err indeed.
己所不欲,勿施于人。What you do not want done to yourself, do not do to others.
言必信,行必果。Keep what you say and carry out what you do.
君子以文会友,以友辅仁。The superior
man on grounds of culture meets with his friends, and by their friendship helps his virtue.
三军可夺师也,匹夫不可夺志也。The commander of the forces of
a large State may be carried off, but the will of even a common man cannot be taken from him.
后生可畏,焉知来者之不如今也?A youth is to be regarded with respect. How do you know that his future will not be equal to our present?
有朋自远方来,不亦乐乎? Is it not delightful to have friends coming from distant quarters?
人不知而不愠,不亦君子乎?Is
he not a man of complete virtue, who feels no discomposure though men may take no note of him?
父在,观其志。父没,观其行。三年无改于父之道,可谓孝矣。While a man's father is alive, look at the bent of his will; when his father is dead, look at his conduct. If for three years he does not alter from the way of his father, he may be called filial.
不患人之不己知,患不知人也。I will not be afflicted at men's not knowing me; I will be afflicted that I do not know men.
诗三百,一言以蔽之,曰:思无邪。In the Book of Poetry are three hundred pieces, but the design of them all may be
embraced in one sentence-- "Having no depraved thoughts."
关睢乐而不淫,哀而不伤。The Kwan Tsu is expressive of enjoyment without being licentious, and of grief without being hurtfully excessive.
父母在,不远游,游必有方。While his parents are alive, the son may not go abroad to a distance. If he does go abroad, he must have a fixed place to which he goes.
德不孤,必有邻。Virtue is not left to stand alone. He who practises it will have neighbors.
吾十有五而志于学,三十而立,四十而不惑,五十而知天命,六十而耳顺,七十而从心所欲,不逾矩。 At fifteen I set my heart upon learning. At thirty, I planted my feet firm upon the ground. At forty, I no longer suffered from perplexities. At fifty, I knew what were the biddings of Heaven. At sixty, I heard them with docile ear. At seventy, I could follow the dictates of my own heart; for what I desired no longer overstepped the boundaries of right.
贤哉回也!一箪食,一瓢饮,在陋巷,人不堪其忧,回也不改其乐。贤哉回也!  Incomparable indeed was Hui! A handful of rice to eat, a gourdful of water to drink, living in a mean street. Others would have found it unendurably depressing, but to Hui's cheerfulness it made no difference at all. Incomparable indeed was Hui.
知者乐水,仁者乐山。知者动,仁者静。知者乐,仁者寿。The wise find pleasure in water; the virtuous find pleasure in hills. The wise are active; the virtuous are tranquil. The wise are joyful; the virtuous are long-lived.
逝者如斯夫,不舍昼夜。It passes on just like this, not ceasing day or night!
食不厌精,脍不厌细。He did not dislike to have his rice finely cleaned, nor to have his minced meat cut quite small.
非礼勿视,非礼勿听,非礼勿言,非礼勿动。Look not at what is contrary to propriety; listen not to what is contrary to propriety; speak not what is contrary to propriety; make no movement which is contrary to propriety.
人无远虑,必有近忧。If a man take no thought about what is distant, he will find sorrow near at hand.
君子有三戒。少之时,血气未定,戒之在色。及其壮也,血气方刚,戒之在斗。及其老也,血气既衰,戒之在得。There are three things which the superior man guards against. In youth, when the physical powers, are not yet settled, he guards against lust. When he is strong and the physical powers are full of vigor, he guards against quarrelsomeness. When he is old, and the animal powers are decayed, he guards against covetousness.
唯女子与小人,为难养也。近之则不孙,远之则怨。Of all people, girls and servants are the most difficult to behave to. If you are familiar with them, they lose their humility. If you maintain a reserve towards them, they are discontented.

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