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Confucius & To write off at one stroke  

2011-05-03 14:13:31|  分类: English |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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Confucius  & To write off at one stroke
孔子生平,哲学思想,主要著作
:Born in the year 551 B.C., Confucius was a great ideologist and teacher. His name is Qiu and also styled Zhongni. He was born in the Lu State in the Spring and Autumn period. He died in the year 479 B.C..
His ancestry is unknown. According to historical records, Confucius was mostly self-educated as a youth. Later he became a teacher, philosopher and political theorist, but was unable to assume a worthwhile position where he could put his theories into practice. After years of traveling, he returned home to continue teaching until his death at the age of 72. Although during his lifetime he had little influence outside his own band of disciples, Confucianism has been the dominant philosophical system in China for over 2000 years.
Confucius was a great philosopher. He created the school of Confucian thought, allowing others to learn about his own philosophy of benevolence towards others. He believed that the wealthy and powerful should show consideration for the common people. They should resist exploiting civilians in order to avoid conflicts between the ruling class and commoners. Confucius was especially opposed to tyranny and random killings.

His philosophy also emphasized the importance of kindness, prudence, good manners, and righteousness. The principles of Confucianism had a great impact on Chinese feudal society, which lasted over two thousand years. As a result, Confucian teachings have permeated into modern Chinese life and culture.
Confucius was also a great educator. In a slave society, only those from noble families could go to school. Education was monopolized by the elite. Confucius changed this by opening private schools and recruiting disciples.He successfully brought education to the whole of society.  It is said that Confucius advocated the pedagogic principles of “no children should be left behind”( 有教无类) and “teaching students in accordance with their aptitude” (因材施教). He asked the students to review their studies often. He said you could discover new things (truths) by studying the past. The attitude one has towards studying should also be sincere. He said “to see knowledge as knowledge and ignorance as ignorance”. One should combine studies with thoughtfulness.
It is said that in his later years Confucius edited ancient cultural books “诗书”. One particularly important book he edited was “The Spring and Autumn”, which has played an important role in preserving China’s ancient culture.          

To write off at one stroke

To write off (the names of the incompetent officials from the list) at one stroke — To cancel altogether 

(Source:English.cri.cn)Fan Zhongyan was a famous statesman and scholar about 950 years ago in the Song Dynasty.  He was honest and upright.  He dared to act, and to assume responsibility for what he did.  When he dealt with state affairs, he resolutely carried out through to the end whatever he thought right.  He paid attention to examining subordinates. When he found anyone incompetent, he wrote off his name from the officials’ name list, and put on the alternate official’s name. 
Another official named Fu Bi respected Fan Zhongyan very much. However, when he saw Fan resolutely dismiss those incompetent officials from office, he couldn’t but try to persuade Fan, “You should be sparing when you remove an official.  You can easily write off his name with one stroke. But do you know his whole family will cry bitterly for that?” Fan said “Those incompetent officials must be removed.  Or, he would make many common people cry bitterly along the road.  Tell me, which is better: one family crying or many families crying on the road?”  Fu Bi had nothing to say.
From what Fan Zhongyan did as described by Fu Bi, people got the idiom Yi Bi Gou Xiao  — To write off at one stroke the incapable officials’ names from the list.  As a result of evolution through the years thereafter, usage of the phrase has changed.  It’s now used in a much broader sense and means “to cancel altogether”, referring to anything not desirable.  You can use it to say "to wipe out anything you don’t need, be it feeling of gratitude or resentment, or debts in cash or in blood. 

一笔勾销

范仲淹是北宋时著名的文学家、政治家。他关心百姓疾苦,抱有“先天下之忧而忧,后天下之乐而乐”的思想,对当时官场存在的腐败现象深恶痛绝。在担任参政时,他把整顿官吏作为头等大事来抓。他曾命人取来各州郡官吏册,逐一进行查核,看到一个不称职的官吏名字,就毫不犹豫的“一笔勾之”。

 当时,大臣富弼见范仲淹如此轻易的罢免了许多人的官,就劝说道:“你现在只要一勾就完事,可是被革职的官吏和他的家人却因此而痛苦。”范仲淹回答道:“他一家哭,总比他治理下的那些老百姓都哭好吧!富弼很尴尬,许久没有说出话来。

成语“一笔勾销”就是由“一笔勾之”演化而来的。随着时间的进展意思较以前发生了变化,比古时用法更为广泛。

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