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Florence Nightingale  

2011-10-05 08:26:06|  分类: English |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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 Florence Nightingale

http://www.sina.com.cn 2003/09/19 15:31  English88
 Florence was born in 1820sintosa wealthy, English family who were, at the time of her birth living in Florence, Italy. She and her sister had all the advantages that money could provide. This included private tutors and a superb education which was not generally available to girls at that time. Florence excelled in Science and Maths; however there was little opportunity for her to use her knowledge. Women of her position in life were expected to get married and arrange all the domestic affairs that were important to wealthy families. But, Florence had a dream to become a nurse and when her father refused to allow her to train as a nurse, she was so upset that she became very ill. Eventually, her father relented and Florence started on her journey. She volunteered to work in hospitals in France and Germany and even travelled to Egypt to have formal training. Nurses were not considered to be important or valuable in those days and hospitals were generally places that only poor people would go to out of desperation. The standards of hygiene and medicine were very low. Florence began to change all that. In every hospital that she worked in she made sure that everything was clean and that the patients themselves were washed and well nourished.
  Florence had become well known for all the wonderful improvements that she had made and for the way she had trained other young women to be good nurses. When the British army was fighting in the Crimea against Russia, the soldiers were in desperate need of medical attention. The British commander in the Crimea had heard of Florence and asked her if she would come and help. So Florence collected some of her best nurses and went to the Crimea. Conditions there were terrible. There was no water and no medical equipment. Florence and her team organized a kitchen and a laundry and worked incredibly hard to improve conditions for the injured soldiers. At night she would carry a lamp as she went round the hospital and the soldiers started to call her "the lady with the lamp". They would often kiss her shadow as she passed by. Florence and her team saved thousands of lives and earned the love and admiration of her countrymen and women.
  In 1860 Florence started the Nightingale Training School. The Nightingale nurses were in demand all over the world. She advised the American President how to look after his soldiers who were injured in the Civil War. She was a guiding influence behind the founding of the International Red Cross. In 1907, she was honoured by the King of England, Edward V11 and given thesgroupsof Merit. She was the first woman to receive this award. She died at the age of 90 on August 10, 1910. Florence could have lived a life of luxury and comfort. She saw a need for someone to help the poor and the sick and she did everything in her power to improve the situation and to make a change. She thought little of her own comfort and she inspired thousands of young women to become nurses.

[1]Sintosa Island
March 12, 2009 by travelwithiman

33

37

 

 

Sintosa island was very cosy and there was a few activities going on over there. The beach was really beautiful and almost empty : ) We stayed there half the day before we went back home..

2、Karl Marx’s wife ever mentioned that the greatest heroine who she admired is [1]Florence Nantingale——the first nurse in the world. In fact, Nantingale was born in a wealthy England family and received advanced education. Her parents had wished her to have a comfortable noble life, but she was so ambitious and unselfish that she made a contrary decision: to be a nurse and to stay with patients.

The Crimilia War(克里米亚战争) broke in 1854. news came that more than 50% wounded soldiers died, only because they couldn’t get the proper nursing. In order to help the wounded, Nantingale led 38 nurses to the front. They improved the medical circumstances and food which was rather bad, then Nantingale put forward that relieving the patients’ pains is the chief duty of nurses and demanded all nurses to do it. During the two years in the front, Nantingale was acclaimed “the lady with a lamp” because she often visited and took care of her patients with a lamp at night. The miracle that the death rate reduced to 2.2% by their nursing shocked the whole England, and Nantingale received high marks from all people loving peace. The English government spoke highly of her achievement and rewarded her a medal and 44,000 pounds after she came back. She didn’t feel conceited at all and put forward further that nursing is a science, a cause, so she devoted herself to researching heart and soul. In 1860, Nantingale set up the first nursing school in England to train professional nurses and founded the Modern Nursing (现代护理学) from then on.

In memory of Nantingale, there have been standing her bronze statue in London. In 1970 the International Red Cross established the Nantingale Medal, which has been considered as the highest honor among all nurses over the world.

(by Lilious)

note

[1]Florence Nantingale

弗洛伦斯·南丁格尔

[1]Ambitious

有抱负的,雄心勃勃的

[1]The Crimilia War

克里米亚战争

[1]Acclaim

n, vt, & vi; 喝彩,欢呼,赞同,称赞

[1]Miracle

n; 奇迹,奇事

[1]Modern Nursing

现代护理学

[1]Bronze

n; 青铜,铜像

a; 青铜色的

[1]establish

vt; 建立,确立,制定

vi; 移植生长

[1]Trace back to

回溯到…

prevail

vi; 获胜,流行,盛行

[1]Ascending

上升的,向上的;

[1]Chrysanthemum

菊花

[1]Cornus officinalis Sieb

山东茱萸

[1]Significance

重要性,意义,意味

I think the greatest person that has ever lives is Mother Teresa. She changed many people's lives. Mother Teresa was born in 1910 in Macedonia. Her father was a builder. When she was young ,Mother Teresa studied religion and loved everyone .She became a nunin Irealand and left for India in 1929.She taught Geography for many years in India .She spent her life caring for the poor. Mother Teresa was awarded the Noble Peace Prize in 1979.She died in 1997 when she was 87.   我认为迄今为止最伟大的人是特雷萨修女,她改变了很多人的一生;她于1910年出生于马其顿。父亲是建筑工人;年轻时学习宗教,热爱众人;她在爱尔兰成为修女,1929年前往印度,在那里教了许多年的地理;她一生关爱穷人,1979年获诺贝尔和平奖;1997年逝世,享年87岁
others
Florence Nightingale is British.Born May 12, 1820 in the Italian city of Florence, his family was abundant, highly educated,Expo many literary classics, bilingual history, philosophy, mathematics, religion, such as music and painting, proficient Britain, France, Germany,Italy 4 language.Very young age because of his father's old friends to help meticulous care of the patients gradually to a nursing interestthus resolved to the firm determination of the cause of care.In 1850, she went to Germany to study nursing at the age of 30, 33 years old, went to Paris to study nursing organizations.The home served as the director of nursing at a hospital in London.In 1853, Britain, France, and other countries of the outbreak of the Crimean War with Russia.Nightingale at the invitation of the British government, led by 38 nurses rushed to the front line.Britain has religious and social prejudices, has been in the hospital, especially against a field hospital nurse appeared.Nightingale fully demonstrated in front of all her talents, her own status and reputation.break the military authorities hurdles,30,000 pounds of produce to purchase medicines and medical equipment for hospitals and the reorganization of the hospital.improve the living environment and nutrition conditions of the wounded, to rectify the operating room, cafeteria and laboratory, a field hospital in the face of rapid change.only 1,700 asylum arrangements for the wounded on the battlefield hospital after she has received 3,000 to 4,000 wounded.Six months later, the field hospital has undergone tremendous changes, the patients rapidly declining mortality from 50% to 2%.Like to see the miracle of a national nursing shock.Meanwhile the British government to change the valuation of nurses and improve the status of women, care workers and by the community.It also recognized the importance of nursing.Nightingale's greatest achievement was the creation of the nursing profession.She initiated a number of measures and care system, such as the patient calls to whatwinch installed in the kitchen and delivering meals to patients, a nurse inspection system.June 24, 1860.She will be commended for her contributions to the British community who donated the money as "Nightingale Fund."Rendonshengdomas in hospitals has created a "Nightingale nurses training school."This school of 1890, after more than 30 years of nursing education and training of 1,005 trainees, andMost outstanding were Britain, the United States and Asian countries hospitals hired to run nursing schools.She wrote books and more than 100 papers on the care and education for many years and are considered to be an important contribution to hospital management.Nightingale Nursing's important is to let the community know that nursing is a "technology"and bring it to "career", she was known as "the founder of modern nursing."also worthy cause by later generations as a pioneer in nursing.Teachers of the revolution Marx Nightingale and admiration for the courage and dedication of a very emotional, praised this great woman.Now the whole world to her on May 12 to mark Nurses.Nightingale has become one of the world's great man, respected by the people. 


参考资料:http://zhidao.baidu.com/question/15607252.html
回答者: hattie8042 ik.qb.data.add('user','4046686174746965383034325b01','http://img.baidu.com/img/iknow/avarta/66/r6s1g4.gif'); | 四级 | 2008-4-15 22:55

Florence Nightingale      长的:  In the history of Chinese and foreign, can persist in the conviction, to overcome all the difficulties and the establishment of special Gongye figure has been limited, especially female characters even more uncommon. Originator of the modern nursing profession and the founder of modern nursing Florence Nightingale is the most representative of a great British women. She known as the founder of modern nursing profession.   Nightingale parents married since 1818 and has been in tourism across Europe. 1819, the mother born in Naples the first daughter, then to the city's Greek name given to this child named Basi Sinop Parthnope, for Florence's older sister - Basi Nuo Punandingge Seoul.           May 12, 1820, Nightingale parents travel in Europe in the way the city of Florence in Italy was born. Her parents named her as a name for the city. This is also rare in 1820 the name, with the passage of time almost every family. Around the world tens of thousands of girls were named Florence, to show respect to Nightingale.           Nightingale was born in the door of a house full of family Youyu, her father William Edward Nightingale (died 1874) graduated from the University of Cambridge, is an erudite, cultural education of the people, made a statistician. Fenni mother (Fan-ni) Smith Nightingale (died 1880), also from prominent families in the United Kingdom, not only of Dow prosperity, from generation to generation is good, the weight of the township. Nightingale was attending the University of Paris, familiar with math, proficiency in English, French, German, Italian four languages, in addition to classical literature, but also expertise in natural sciences, history and philosophy, good at music and painting. Nightingale is in the family since childhood education. Less than 10 years old when the French will be able to automatically write diaries, maintain a more than two years, and the word diary, written in a very tidy. Diary's cover read "La Weide Law Lan Siman Xiniu" This is the meaning in French - Nightingale biography. Nightingale, Nightingale Nightingale's name in English meaning. She was not satisfied with her mother, because she has no intention of marriage. When the housewife in her, when the writer, when choosing among the nurses as nurses.           Since childhood, that is, the Nightingale nursing deep interest in countryside vacation, sick care often go to the villagers. As early as 1837, she began to care about the hospital care situation and had the idea of studying nursing. She often used the opportunity to visit the monastery tour, the woman schools, orphanages explore the cause of charity and management methods. May 24, 1838 paid respects to Queen Victoria. 1849, Nightingale tourism Egypt on their way back to the States, understanding Taideerfu Li Dena (19-century German history nursing influential figures) and his wife in August 1850, has long been yearning for Nightingale arrived at the Kai Sasi Wei Slovakia (Kai Siwei Erli) Kaiserswerth City, and his wife founded in Fulidena female deacons and Training Institute for training two weeks. She studied in detail by the charitable organizations that the operation, wrote a paper for 32 "Rhine River Kaisa Si Wei Andean schools," and called on the British ladies were to Kaisa Si Wei Andean women as deacons. 1851 Nightingale again to Fulidena priest presided over by a female deacons and Training, training for three months. 1853, to Paris, "the cause of Sisters of Charity," study tour care organizations and facilities, returning after illness of the London women's care to monitor. 1854-1856, in the Crimean War, Nightingale their humanitarian, charitable heart for the two warring sides of the wounded, the end of the war, she was regarded as a national hero. As in the outstanding contribution during the war, Nightingale was the then British Queen Victoria awarded the Medal of St. George and a beautiful brooch.           1857, in her efforts, the British Royal Army Health Commission. The same year, military medical schools to set up. The same year, the turmoil in India, she and Hybrot (西德尼赫伯特) jointly urged the Government to improve the living conditions of Indian troops of the proposal, but no reflection. In 1863 the social sciences at a Florence read the papers - "how people should live in India in order to avoid death" - has caused great reflection. In 1873, she again the same article, that 10 years since, in India the sanitation situation of reform and progress.           1860, Nightingale, St. Thomas Hospital in the UK to establish the world's first regular nursing school. She succeeded in nursing from "sewage as" the bottom of society to enhance the status of the respected. Subsequently, she started Poor hospital nurses and midwives training. She wrote of the "Hospital Notes", "Nursing Notes" and other major works into hospital management, nursing education based materials. Because of her efforts to become a nursing science. She thought the school by the British reached the Europe and the United States and other Asian countries. Swiss philanthropist in her Jienhengli Dunan under the influence, in 1864 the establishment of the International Red Cross in Geneva. 1876, raising her indignation at the attitude of hospital treatment of patients treated as beggars, so the indictment, also recommended the establishment of facilities for the mentally ill asylum, as well as isolated cases of infectious diseases, etc., to set up the Bill of London poor. 1883 awarded the Royal Red Cross Chapter, 1887 will be composed of nurses.           1900, Nightingale 80-year-old birthday, from all around the letters sent a birthday, rained into old age as she. These letters, some of which have all sent by the emperor and king, but also for the commemorative angel named as the "Florence" sent to her. 1901, Nightingale Caolao because of the excessive, blind. 1907, 000 of the praise given by the Red Cross, Edward VII awarded Nightingale Order of Merit, becoming the first British history accept the highest honor of women. March 16, 1908 London City was awarded the Nightingale Prize for Freedom.           August 13, 1910, Nightingale in sleep Keranzhangshi the age of 90-year-old. Nightingale life Weijia, her life, after the era of Queen Victoria, to open up a nursing career to make contributions to the Superman. Her lifelong commitment to care reform and development, made the brilliant achievements of world interest. All this made her into the 19th century outstanding, the world admire and praise the great women. To commemorate her achievements, 1912, the international nurses will (ICN) national initiatives for hospitals and nursing schools each year on May 12 at Nightingale's birthday celebration, and on May 12 to the International Hu Shijie, To remember and commemorate this great woman.           Nightingale's death, in accordance with her will, not a state funeral. She later Yinyu "wounded angel" and "lantern President."      短的:  Florence Nightingale (FLORENCE NIGHTINGALE) is British, May 12, 1820, born in the Italian city of Florence, her parents named her as a name for the city. She was born in the door of a wealthy family, a child is in the family to education. Her father is an erudite, cultural education of the people, to provide her with the classical books, mathematics, philosophy and language, and other aspects of education. She was not satisfied with her mother, because she has no intention of marriage. When the housewife in her, when the writer, when choosing among the nurses as nurses. She urine from the nearby villages of the regular care of patients, residual, and care of her relatives, to relieve the suffering of patients. Her parents oppose her nurses to do that undermine the family honor. However, feudal ideology, social impact that she has never lost the confidence to do nursing work    特雷莎修女:  Teresian Sisters (1910-1997)   Born in Yugoslavia, the 37-year-old to become nuns   1948 went to Calcutta, India   And in two years after the formal establishment of the Missionaries of Charity   serve the poorest of the poor who   By 1979 Nobel Peace Prize   September 1997 buried in Calcutta 


参考资料:www.zhidao.baidu.com

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