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be careful about/of/with的区别,of 和with区别  

2012-03-22 12:09:38|  分类: English |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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请问be careful about/of/with的区别/of 和with区别

1.be careful + about/of+ 名词 注意...的
eg.She is careful about/of her food.
  =She is careful about/of what she eats.
她很注意饮食。(后面界wh- 从句时,多省略介词)
2.be careful + with + 名词 注意处理...
eg.Be careful with the vase; it's valuable.
那花瓶很贵,要小心处理.
此外,还有be caregul (not)to do/that... 通常与否定的内容连用
eg.Be careful not to be late.
  =Be careful (that) you don't be late.
小心不要迟到.
(that从句不使用将来时)

of 和with区别
初二英语书里有,a modern city of tall buildings以及clouds of different colors.
为什么用OF而不是WITH?名词有什么要求?
请各位大大指点.

我谈谈自己的一些体会,也不尽然正确的。。

of比with的用法复杂很多,也就是意思含义更多。 这两句里of是表示后名称修饰前名词的意思。 这两句语法上是可以用with的,不过不合适。

with更多地表示纯粹或者客观的关系,表示附带、一起的意思;  而of则侧重表达、修饰前名词的属性、特征、特质等等,有更靠近抽象内容的含义。 of附带的后名词,与with相比,更具有不可分割性。 如果一段话里,所有语法上可以用with代替的of的地方都换成with的话,句子会生涩,意思也不准确或者不正确, 就好象一直使用“...和...”“带着...的”这样的表达。

第一句最好翻译成:一座有着许多高楼大厦的现代城市,换成with就不合适,因为with牵引的两个名词在级别/范围上应该是一致或者相差不大的,如:a bony with a white star on its forehead.. 比较一下a city with tall buildings, 可以发现使用with而不使用of有些怪怪的。 当然,还得看实际的场景是什么,, 假如你看着卫星地图,可以说:Have you noticed the city with many tall buildings?  因为在这个场景中,可以把城市和高楼都简单地看成两个范围大概的客观物体。

2009-7-9 22:43 dinosaur88 ik.qb.data.add('user','fb9264696e6f7361757238383500','http://img.baidu.com/img/iknow/avarta/66/r6s1g5.gif'); | 五级

这两个个例子 可以看出 of 说的是事物的属性   with 一般指的是带有 或者伴随的意思 

2009-7-10 00:25 modomon ik.qb.data.add('user','d89f6d6f646f6d6f6ed302','http://img.baidu.com/img/iknow/avarta/66/r6s1g5.gif'); | 五级

of表示"所属"关系,一般译为"...的...",多代表"所有权"  with表示一种"附带"关系,即事物是存在的,但仅仅是存在而已,至于属于什么或者属于谁,不清楚 
with的几个用法    1.with表“和、同、与”。如:       Can you go to the park with me?   你能和我一起去公园吗?      2.with表“用、以、被”。如:       Don't write with the red pen.      不要用那支红色的钢笔写字。      3.with表“随着”。如:       Climate varies with the time of the year.气候随着时令的不同而不同。      4.with表“带有、有......的”。如:       The girl with long hair is my classmate. 长头发的女孩是我的同学。      5.with表“因为、由于”。如:       They were angry with hard work.   他们因为艰难的工作而生气。      6.一些with结构:          play with    与......一起玩        be angry with 对......生气     talk with   与......交谈     get on well with与......相处融洽      ——————————————————————  介词of用法1: 表示剥夺,除去     deprive sb. of his right     denude sb. of his possession (hope)     divest the baby of his clothes     rid him of this fear rob sb. of his wallet     defraud sb. of gold ring     cure sb. of cancer heal sb. of cancer     purify the nation clean the jar of crust     clarify the river of flowing rubbish     --get rid of, rid of, dispose of     2: of接直接宾语     -告诉-tell sb. of sth. inform sb. of sth warn sb. of fire     remind sb. of his duties acquaint sb. of sth. notify of..     -其他,劝服-persuade sb. of honesty assure sb. of the best seats convince sb. of sth.     -法律词汇-accuse sb. of burglary ; convict sb. of murder; suspect sb. of a theft     -reassure his wife of his safe arrival    3: of接间接宾语      request sth. of sb. expect sth. of sb. require sth. of sb.      ask a question of sb. be fearful of mistakes be jealous of wealthy persons be reminiscent of his past be patient of      the enormous noise be guilty of robbery be innocent of robbery      4: of表示人物的特性,籍贯,特性或出生等      He is of Irish descend (ascent)      People of obscure origin (humble /noble)      Man of keen perception a man of moral integrity    5: 固定词组      -say of, tale of, hear of, think of, learn of, savor of      The room smells of stale cabbage.      -brag of his achievements. Boast of his children      beware of pickpockets approve of the program      doubt of success complain of poor management      -be sure of be suspicious of be aware of       be confident of be proud of be ashamed of      be afraid of be capable of be lack of       be critical of be shortly of be conscious of       be ignorant of be wary of be cautious og       be appreciative of your advice      -regardless of , irrespective of ,不管….无视      in favor of       decide on three most popular leisure       activities irrespective of age




 

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