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that的用法  

2013-04-11 22:23:16|  分类: English |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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that的用法(一)
内容简介:
that的用法(一),简单介绍不可that的种用法。
更新时间:2011-12-15 16:37:14
文章来源:互联网

宾语从句中that一般情况可省 ,但也并不是任何情况下都可以省略。具体如下:

宾语从句

1.定义:用作宾语的从句叫宾语从句。

2.构成:关联词+简单句

从属连词that。如:

He told us that he felt ill. 他对我们说他感到不舒服。(that省略)

I know he has returned. 我知道他已经回来了。(that省略)

注: 宾语从句中that一般情况可省 ,但that在引导宾语从句时也并不是任何情况下都可以省略。在以下情况下,that不能省略。

1.Everybody could see what happened and that Tom was frightened. 大家都会看出所发生的事情并知道Tom非常害怕。

解析:and连接两个宾语从句,that宾语从句放在and的后面时,that不能省略。)

2.I know nothing about him except that he is from the south. 对他我一无所知,只知道他是南方人。

解析:that引导的宾语从句作介词宾语时,that不能省略。

3.That he ever said such a thing I simply don’t believe. 我简直不相信他曾说过这样的话。

解析:that从句位于句首时,that不可省略。

4.We decided, in view of his special circumstances, that we would admit him for a probationary period.

解析:主句谓语动词与that从句之间有插入语,that不可省略。


that的用法(二)
内容简介:
that的用法(二),内容为对that用法的非省略解释。
更新时间:2011-12-15 16:53:08
文章来源:学英语报社

That 在英语中是一个使用频率很高的词。它可用作代词、连词、关系代词等,有时可以省略。

但在以下几种情况下that不可省略。

一、that 用作代词,指上文提到的人或事物 (单数名词),且需一个后置定语来修饰,此 时 that 不可省。

Their cotton output of 1997 was double than that of 1987.

Mary’s handwriting is far better than that of Peter .

二、 that 用作连词, so...that, such...that, in 在 order that 等引导的状语从句中, that 不可省。

They started so early that they might arrive in time.

It is such a heavy box that nobody can move it.

He worked hard in order that he might catch up with the others.

三、that 用作连词,引导主语从句时,当它放在主句谓语动词之前时,不可省。

That he came late made his teacher angry.

That she was chosen made us very happy.

如用 it 作形式主语,把从句置于谓语动词之后时,that 可以省略。例如:

It is a pity(that) he has made such a mistake.

It is obvious(that) he is right.

四、that 用作连词,引导表语从句和同位语 从句时,that 不可省。

The news that our team has won the match is true.

My idea is that we should get more comrades to do the work.

五、that 用作连词,引导宾语从句时,如主句的谓语动词是及物动词 make, find, see等时,且后有宾语补足语时,that引导的从句可置于宾语补足语之后,用it作形式宾语,此时 that不可省。

He made it clear that he was not interested in this subject.

当 that宾语从句的主语是非谓语动词或是主语从句时,that 不可省略。例如:

The doctor said that taking exercise was the best way of losing weight.  

The old lady then explained that what she was looking for was a pair of gloves for a girl.  

六、that 用作关系代词,引导定语从句时,当它作为从句的主语时,that不可省。

All that have to do is to practice every day.

That’s the same man that asked me for money yesterday.

但如 that 作从句的宾语时,可省略。The letter(that) I received was from my father.

七、在强调句型 It is/was...that 结构中,that 不可省。

 It is English that Professor Li teaches us. It was in Shanghai that I saw the film.

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